A beneficial Roman haven for the Sexaginta Prista – Varbin Varbanov
Ruse – Rousse is city in the northeast Bulgaria with people around 180000, on the right bank of your Danube Lake, near to the mouth area of one’s Rusenski Lom River, opposite the fresh Romanian city of Giurgiu, in which it’s linked because of the Relationship Bridge. City of Ruse can be found 320 km northern-east from Sofia, 203 km north-west of Varna and you will 106 kilometer northern-east from Veliko Turnovo and you can seriously means the fresh Bulgarian pearl to your brand new Danube River. The city out of Ruse keeps a surprising multiple-cultural profile which is a smartly developed mixture of Bulgarian and you can Romanian cultures. It’s an attractive town that have greater avenues, highest squares and great buildings pursuing the technique of “federal Renaissance” structures. The city out-of Ruse runs on residential property-connected Matey area additionally the lips of your Rusenski Lom River on west to help you Srabcheto mountain for the eastern. Ruse gets the most significant lake vent from inside the Bulgaria towards Danube River, and therefore suitable location and you will a relationships that have a separate areas of European countries firmly resulted in growth of the metropolis from the background.
The fresh fortress away from Sexaginta Prista endured for almost six centuries and you will then perished under the storms of your own Avar invasions
Thracians of the Getae tribe paid in the Ruse urban area from the 6th century BC and you can written extremely important trading, spiritual and you will administrative Thracian (Getic) cardio . It was not well before Thracians-Getae tribe considered the latest Roman expansion and you can conquest, to the empire gathered an army visibility from the basin of your own All the way down Danube year after year. Th elizabeth Roman province regarding Moesia try created in 15 Ad and you can is actually reorganised into the 86 Ad toward several provinces: Moesia superior and Moesia second-rate. The fresh new province out of Down Moesia protected the greatest element of immediately Northern hvorfor hvide mГ¦nd foretrГ¦kker Indonesisk kvinder Bulgaria and you will North Dobrudja (for the Romania). The natural northern edging is the fresh new Danube River to your whoever best bank Roman postings have been discover. New fort regarding Sexaginta Prista are part of that it strings regarding army camps, found in the proximity of your own throat of Rusenski Lom River, on main part of the contemporary town of Ruse-Rousse.
“This new Roman province out-of Moesia are created in fifteen A D and you will try reorganised during the 86 Post to the several provinces: Moesia advanced and Moesia second-rate. New province out of Down Moesia secured the greatest section of immediately Northern Bulgaria and you may Northern Dobrudja (for the Romania). Its absolute north border are the latest Danube Lake for the whoever right financial Roman posts was in fact discovered. It had been located in the proximity of your throat of your Rusenski Lom River, in the main a portion of the latest city of Rousse…… In the exact middle of the very first century An excellent.D., a great Roman navalbase, entitled Sexaginta Prista, is actually found at brand new mouth out-of theRusenski Lom Lake. Afterwards, the early Roman fort,created when you look at the leadership out-of Emperor Domitian, remaining it identity. Regarding the second century An excellent.D., a forehead intent on Apollo and the Tracian Driver is erected across the pit?eld. The site stayed good cult centr age as much as the start of your own last century Good.D., if Later Roman fort out of Sexaginta Prista are developed. The fresh new principia of the fort was basically constructed across the stays away from the newest forehead”.
This new Thracian settlement turned into an effective Roman naval focus on the reduced Danube in 70 A, below Emperor Vespasian. While you are Nero try the new emperor there were here 5 legions, when you find yourself a beneficial century after Marcus Aurelius made all of them 12. The new old route must have become mainly based according to the Roman Emperor Vespasianus (69-79) exactly who dependent a great fortress named Sexaginta Prista to the highest Danube river (the new harbour of your own 60 vessels), from which they resulted in Novae /Svishtov/, Marcianopolis /Devnia/, Odessos /Varna/…. That it “city of sixty ships” turned a primary river vent having anchoring berths and you may wharfs to have the fresh new greatest Roman Purple Danube Fleet, and therefore moved more than regarding Noviodunum offer Istrum (today: Isaccea, Romania) and regulated and you can protected the whole financial and military tourist between the new Black colored Water, the newest Danube Delta together with Iron Doors of one’s Danube. Excavations has actually produced facts one through the Trapaign contrary to the Dacians, Sexaginta Prista was area of the legs out of their warships. Sexaginta Prista was put on the fresh Roman map out-of military routes Tabula Pointingeriana that Marcus Agrippa drew in the 1st century. From the sixth century Byzantine Emperor Justinian completely fortified it and you may the place turned an extremely important component of one’s Byzantine immune system and therefore, but not, surrendered towards barbarian waves. For centuries following the woeful trace off exhaustion troubled the area there wasn’t a neighborhood, recovered amongst the 9th therefore the 11th century. The new Bulgarian feudal county had a cost savings from inside the kind and you may unimportant trading, and so the settlement on larger river is almost derelict. The fresh new Turks whom liked the metropolis very much made use of an excellent diminutive mode, Roustchouk.